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Stockton-on-Tees is a town in North East England. It is the major settlement in the unitary authority and borough of Stockton-on-Tees. For ceremonial purposes, the town of Stockton-on-Tees is split between County Durham and North Yorkshire. The borough of Stockton also incorporates a number of smaller towns including Billingham, Yarm and Thornaby. The combined size of the borough equates to approx 180,000 people and makes it larger than Middlesbrough in terms of population and square miles.
Stockton began as an Anglo-Saxon settlement on high ground close to the northern bank of the River Tees. The manor of Stockton was created in around 1138. It was purchased by Bishop Pudsey of Durham in 1189 and since then has undergone many changes. Stockton's market can trace its history back to 1310, when Bishop Bek of Durham granted a market charter - to our town of Stockton a market upon every Wednesday for ever. Stockton Castle is first referred to in 1376. It was captured by the Scottish in 1644 and was occupied by them until 1646, but was destroyed on the orders of Oliver Cromwell at the end of the Civil War. There is now a shopping centre, called the Castle Gate Centre, where the original castle stood. The highstreet is also the widest in the country.
The town's High Street is reputed to be the widest in England.
Stockton-on-Tees has many suburbs with individual identities: Eaglescliffe, Fairfield, Hardwick, Hartburn, Ingleby Barwick, Norton, Roseworth, Bishopsgarth, Thornaby and Yarm to name a few.
Stockton town centre has undergone many developments in recent years including the spectacular, albeit wobbly, Teesquay Millennium Bridge, the Queens Campus of Durham University, several acres of office buildings erected along the South bank of the River Tees within the Teesdale development and Wellington Square a modern shopping arcade erected upon the old Wellington Street area of the town centre.
While Stockton has its own railway station near to the town centre, Stockton railway station, more and longer distance services operate from Thornaby railway station across the River Tees.
Stockton is also home to the multi-million pound Arc, whose resident drama company is currently the hugely successful Arden Theatre Company. Stockton F.C. existed from 1882 till 1975, with Thornaby F.C. taking over as the local side.